Petrochina Co. PTR Stock Analysis

Petrochina Co. stock trades under the ticker PTR & has remained stable during the last couple of months of market volatility.

PTR stock closed at $50.31/share on 6/16/2022.

Petrochina Co. PTR Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

PTR Stock Price: $50.31

10 Day Moving Average: $52.56

50 Day Moving Average: $49.45

200 Day Moving Average: $47.80

RSI: 46.9

MACD: 0.922

Yesterday, PTR stock completed a bearish MACD crossover, trading on about average volume compared to the year prior & gapping down 3.36%.

Their RSI is neutral, signaling that momentum can turn in either direction now, largely dependent on the broader markets.

PTR needs to stay above $50.12, as well as their 50 day moving average at $49.45 support level, else there looks to be more downward price movement to come.

Petrochina Co. PTR Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like PTR stock’s valuation metrics, with a 6.47 P/E (ttm) & a 0.51 P/B (mrq).

They recently reported 41.2% quarterly revenue growth Y-o-Y, with 40.9% quarterly earnings growth.

Their balance sheet will require a more thorough review before investment, with a reported $194.82B in Total Cash (mrq), and $471.92B of Total Debt (mrq).

PTR stock pays a 6.58% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long-term as their payout ratio is 39%.

2.73% of PTR stock is held by institutional investors.

Petrochina Co. PTR Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term focused traders can use options to profit from PTR stock’s price movements in any direction, while also hedging against market volatility.

I am looking at the contracts with the 7/15 expiration date.

The $50, $45 & $40 cal options are all in-the-money, with the latter being the most liquid & the former having the lowest levels of open interest.

The $55 puts are the only strike that is currently in-the-money, but as today is an expiration day, there should be more contracts written in the coming days-weeks.

Tying It All Together

PTR stock has many characteristics that traders & investors will find interesting.

Investors will like their valuation metrics & dividend yield, but may want to do further research on their balance sheet before making an investment.

Traders will like their current technical set up, but may be disappointed by their low open interest levels on next month’s options contracts.

Overall, PTR stock is worth taking a closer look into to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF PTR STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

Weis Markets, Inc. WMK Stock Analysis

Weis Markets, Inc. stock trades under the ticker WMK & has shown recent bullishness that traders & investors should take a closer look into.

WMK stock closed at $76.82/share on 6/15/2022.

Weis Markets, Inc. WMK Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

Weis Markets, Inc. WMK Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

WMK Stock Price: $76.82

10 Day Moving Average: $74.90

50 Day Moving Average: $78.10

200 Day Moving Average: $65.80

RSI: 53.15

MACD: -0.928

Yesterday, WMK stock completed a bullish MACD crossover, while breaking out above its 10 day moving average.

Their RSI is neutral & recent trading volume is about average compared to the year prior.

They will need to break above the $77.32 & $77.92 resistance levels as they continue to climb higher.

Weis Markets, Inc. WMK Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like WMK stock’s valuation metrics, with a 16.96 P/E (ttm) & a P/B (mrq) of 1.59.

They recently reported 9.7% quarterly revenue growth Y-0-Y, with 29.4% quarterly earnings growth Y-o-Y.

Their balance sheet looks strong, with $291.85M of Total Cash (mrq) & $203.72M of Total Debt (mrq).

WMK stock pays a 1.7% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long-run with a 29.2% payout ratio.

39.9% of WMK stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

Weis Markets, Inc. WMK Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term focused traders can use options to profit from WMK stock’s price movements, while also protecting their portfolio from volatility.

I am looking at the contracts with the 7/15 expiration date.

The $75, $70 & $65 call options are all in-the-money, with the former being the most liquid & the latter the least.

The $80 puts are the only strike price in-the-money currently, but as tomorrow is an expiration date, there may be more contracts written in the coming week.

Tying It All Together

WMK stock has many interesting characteristics that traders & investors are both sure to find appealing.

Investors will like their valuation metrics, strong balance sheet & stable dividend yield.

Traders will like their current performance amid market volatility, but may be disappointed with how liquid their options are.

Overall, WMK stock is worth taking a closer look into to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF WMK STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. CTT Stock

CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. stock trades under the ticker CTT & has shown recent bullish behavior amid broader market volatility.

CTT stock closed at $10.39/share on 6/14/2022.

CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. CTT Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. CTT Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

CTT Stock: $10.39

10 Day Moving Average: $11.43

50 Day Moving Average: $8.88

200 Day Moving Average: $8.85

RSI: 55.53

MACD: 0.755

Yesterday, CTT stock completed a bearish MACD crossover, just 2 weeks after a bullish gap up brought them up ~42%.

Their last 5 days’ downward performance was heavily influenced by the broader market’s performance.

CTT stock’s RSI has returned from being overbought to neutral & they continue to trade on above average volume compared to the year prior.

They will need to retest & break above the $10.70, $10.80 & $10.93/share resistance levels as they try to climb back above $11/share in the near-term.

CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. CTT Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like CTT stock’s valuation metrics, with a 6.16 P/E (ttm) & a 1.95 P/B (mrq).

They recently reported -3.1% Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y.

Their balance sheet reflects that they are a small cap stock, but should be further reviewed before investing, as they report having $30.35M of Total Cash (mrq) & $301M of Total Debt (mrq).

CTT stock pays a 2.91% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long-run, with a 32.81% payout ratio.

78.9% of CTT stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. CTT Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term focused traders can use options to profit from CTT stock’s price movements in any direction, while also protecting themselves from broader market volatility.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $10, $7.50 & $5 calls are all in-the-money, with the latter 2 being much less liquid than the former strike price.

The $12.50 puts are the only strike that are currently in-the-money, and the $10 strike is ~4% lower, which it would need to fall within 2 days to become in-the-money.

Tying It All Together

CTT stock offers many interesting characteristics that traders & investors will find appealing.

Investors will like their valuation metrics, as well as their dividend yield, but will want to review their balance sheet closer before investing.

Traders will like their recent technical performance amid a volatile market, but may be disappointed by the low levels of open interest on their options contracts.

All-in-all, it is worth taking a closer look at CTT stock to see how it can fit into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF CTT STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

Big Lots, Inc. BIG Stock Analysis

Big Lots, Inc. stock trades under the ticker BIG & may present investors & traders with an opportunity to earn profits amid volatile market conditions.

BIG stock closed at $23.17/share on 6/13/2022.

Big Lots, Inc. BIG Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

Big Lots, Inc. BIG Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

BIG Stock Price: $23.17

10 Day Moving Average: $23.74

50 Day Moving Average: $30.85

200 Day Moving Average: $39.38

RSI: 36.1

MACD: -2.243

Yesterday, BIG stock completed a bullish MACD crossover, despite dropping 2.24% for the day’s session.

The markets as a whole are trending down, as is BIG stock, as shown by their RSI approaching oversold territory.

After being on a decline for the last year, BIG stock needs to stay above its $21.99 support level, otherwise it will continue downward, which makes profitable opportunities for traders using put options.

Big Lots, Inc. BIG Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like BIG stock’s valuation metrics, with a 5.44 P/E (ttm) & a 0.82 P/B (mrq).

They recently reported -15.4% Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y, which is disappointing from an investor’s standpoint.

Their balance sheet will require a closer examination before investing, with $61.7M of Total Cash (mrq) & $2.08B of Total Debt (mrq).

BIG stock pays a 5.06% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long-run, as their payout ratio is 51.72%.

80% of BIG stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

Big Lots, Inc. BIG Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term oriented traders can use options to profit from BIG stock’s price movements, while protecting their returns from volatility.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $22.50, $15 & $20 call options are all in-the-money, with the former being the most liquid & the latter being the least.

The $32.50, $30 & $27.50 puts are also in-the-money, with the former being the least liquid & the latter being the most.

Using puts can be valuable in this instance, as while BIG tries to stay above its $21.99 support level traders can collect profits from puts, roll their profits into long-shares, and collect 5% interest on them if they hold for a year or longer.

Tying It All Together

BIG stock has been declining just like the broader market indexes over the last year, which may present an opportunity for profits by traders & investors alike.

Investors will like their dividend yield & valuation metrics, but will want to check in on their balance sheet before making an investment to see how interest rate hikes will impact BIG stock.

Traders will be able to profit from their options, which are relatively liquid across in-the-money strikes.

Overall, it is worth taking a closer look to see how BIG stock can fit into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF BIG STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

Camping World Holdings, Inc. CWH Stock Analysis

Camping World Holdings, Inc. stock trades under the ticker CWH & has shown recent bullishness that traders & investors should take a closer look into.

CWH closed at $26.77/share on 6/10/2022.

Camping World Holdings, Inc. CWH Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

Camping World Holdings, Inc. CWH Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

CWH Stock Price: $26.77

10 Day Moving Average: $26.64

50 Day Moving Average: $27.26

200 Day Moving Average: $33.95

RSI: 47.5

MACD: -0.338

Yesterday, CWH stock completed a bullish MACD crossover, closing above its 10 day moving average.

Their RSI is neutral & trading volumes have been below average recently compared to the year prior.

They will need to break above the $27.19 & $27.91 resistance levels as they continue to climb higher.

Camping World Holdings, Inc. CWH Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like CWH stock’s P/E (ttm) of 4.96, but may find their P/B (mrq) to be a bit high at 9.18.

They recently reported 6.7% Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y, with -28.2% Quarterly Earnings Growth.

Their balance sheet will require a closer review, with $139.48M of Total Cash (mrq) & $3.57B of Total Debt (mrq).

CWH stock pays a 5.14% dividend yield, which appears sustainable in the long-term, with a 32.95% payout ratio.

94.44% of CWH stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

Camping World Holdings, Inc. CWH Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term oriented traders can use options to profit from CWH stock’s price movements, while also hedging against broader market volatility.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $26, $25 & $24.50 call options are all in-the-money, but all three strike prices are far less liquid than the out-of-the-money $27 call (underlying price is currently 3% below the strike).

The $29, $27 & $28 puts are also in-the-money (listed in order of open interest levels) and are much more liquid than the call options, signaling bearish sentiment.

Tying It All Together

CWH stock has many characteristics that traders & investors will find interesting.

Investors will like their dividend yield & their valuation metrics, but may want to review their balance sheet more thoroughly before investing.

Traders will like their current technical performance compared to other securities, as well as the liquidity of their options contracts.

Overall, it is worth taking a closer look into CWH stock to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF CWH STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

ConAgra Brands, Inc. CAG Stock Analysis

ConAgra Brands, Inc. stock trades under the ticker CAG & has shown recent bullish behavior that traders & investors should take a closer look into.

CAG stock closed at $32.57/share on 6/10/2022.

ConAgra Brands, Inc. CAG Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

ConAgra Brands, Inc. CAG Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

CAG Stock Price: $32.57

10 Day Moving Average: $32.52

50 Day Moving Average: $34.23

200 Day Moving Average: $33.16

RSI: 42.96

MACD:-0.561

Yesterday, CAG stock completed a bullish MACD crossover, settling above its 10 day moving average.

Their RSI is still on the oversold side of neutral, and volumes have been about average for the year.

They will need to break above the $32.98 & $33.37 resistance levels as they continue to climb higher.

ConAgra Brands, Inc. CAG Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like CAG stock’s valuation metrics, with a 15.04 P/E (ttm) & a 1.77 P/B (mrq).

They recently reported 5.1% Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y, on -22.4% Quarterly Earnings Growth Y-o-Y.

Their balance sheet will require a thorough review, with $79.7M in Total Cash (mrq) & $9.16B in Total Debt (mrq).

CAG stock pays a 3.76% dividend yield, which may not be sustainable in the long-term, as their payout ratio is 56.4%.

87.14% of CAG stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors

ConAgra Brands, Inc. CAG Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Traders focusing on the short-term can use options to hedge against broader market volatility, while profiting from CAG stock’s price movements in any direction.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $32, $31 & $30 calls are all in the money, with the former being the most liquid of the three strikes.

The $35, $36 & $34 puts are also all in-the-money & are much more liquid than the calls mentioned above, showing broader bearish sentiment from the markets.

Tying It All Together

CAG stock has many interesting attributes that traders & investors will like.

Investors will like their valuation metrics & dividend yield, but may want to look closer into their balance sheet to see how their debt picture looks, and to shed light onto their dividend sustainability.

Traders will like the liquidity of their options in the near-term, particularly the puts.

Overall, it is worth taking a closer look at CAG stock to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF CAG STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

Devon Energy Corp. DVN Stock Analysis

Devon Energy Corp. stock trades under the ticker DVN & has recently shown bullish behavior that traders & investors should research further, as a means of identifying an entry.

DVN stock closed at $74.06/share on 6/10/2022.

Devon Energy Corp. DVN Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

DVN Stock Price: $74.06

10 Day Moving Average: $75.42

50 Day Moving Average: $65.42

200 Day Moving Average: $48.40

RSI: 59.61

MACD: 3.248

Yesterday, DVN stock completed a bearish MACD crossover, trading on above average volume compared to the year prior.

Their share price has been steadily climbing since the middle of September 2021, although their current technicals look like there may be more pain to come in the near-term.

This enables traders & investors to enter a new position or add to an existing one as the price goes down, and can also lead to opportunities to capitalize on puts, whose profits can be used to buy new shares using house money.

Devon Energy Corp. DVN Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term focused investors will like DVN stock’s P/E (ttm) of 13.07, but will find its 4.96 P/B (mrq) to be high.

They recently reported 74% Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y, with 364.3% Quarterly Earnings Growth Y-o-Y.

Their balance sheet will require a closer examination, with $2.46B of Total Cash (mrq) & $6.74B of Total Debt (mrq).

DVN stock pays a 3.49% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long-run, with a 49.9% payout ratio.

85.22% of DVN stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

Devon Energy Corp. DVN Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term oriented traders can use options to hedge against market volatility, while profiting from DVN stock’s price movements.

This can also be beneficial for acquiring new shares of DVN with the profits from the options, which will then pay dividends.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $74, $73 & $72 calls are all in-the-money, although the former is the only one that has a high level of open interest (851 vs. 63 vs. 29).

The $77, $76 & $75 puts are all in-the-money & are much more liquid than the calls.

Tying It All Together

DVN stock has many characteristics that traders & investors will find appealing.

Investors will like their dividend yield & their P/E (ttm), but they may want to review their balance sheet a bit further before investing.

Traders will like their current technical set up, and will be pleased with the liquidity of their put contracts.

Overall, DVN stock is worth taking a closer look into to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF DVN STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

H & R Block, Inc. HRB Stock Analysis

H & R Block, Inc. stock trades under the ticker HRB & has shown recent bullishness amidst a volatile market that traders & investors may be interested in.

HRB stock closed at $35.76/share on 6/9/2022.

H & R Block, Inc. HRB Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

H & R Block, Inc. HRB Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

HRB Stock Price: $35.76

10 Day Moving Average: $35.44

50 Day Moving Average: $29.49

200 Day Moving Average: $25.28

RSI: 70.01

MACD: 2.024

Yesterday, HRB stock completed a bearish MACD crossover, after gaining 52.4% over the month of May.

Their RSI is in overbought territory & their recent trading volumes have been above average.

Traders & investors may think to purchase puts in HRB stock, as well as common shares, so that they can purchase shares from the profit of the puts, while also earning 3% in dividend payments on the common shares.

Given that HRB stock is near its 52 week high, it is imperative to purchase in-the-money puts, in the event that it continues climbing in the near-term.

H & R Block, Inc. HRB Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like HRB stock’s P/E (ttm) 10.64, however their P/B (mrq) is a bit high at 117.7.

They recently reported Quarterly Earnings Growth Y-o-Y 3.9%, with -11.2% Quarterly Earnings Growth.

Their balance sheet will require a closer examination, with $1.04B in Total Cash (mrq) & $2.38B of Total Debt (mrq).

HRB stock pays a 3.12% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long-run with a 33.44% payout ratio.

93.14% of HRB stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

H & R Block, Inc. HRB Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term traders & those employing the long/short strategy outlined above can use options to profit from HRB stock’s movement in either direction, being able to put their profits into new shares.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $35, $34 & $33 calls are all in-the-money, with the former two strikes more liquid than the latter.

The $36, $37 & $38 puts are also all in-the-money, with the former being more liquid than the latter two strikes.

Tying It All Together

HRB stock has many interesting characteristics that traders & investors can capitalize on in both the near & long-terms.

Investors will like their dividend yield, as well as their P/E (ttm).

Traders will like their current technical strength, but they may be disappointed in the liquidity of their short-term options.

All-in-all, HRB stock is worth taking a closer look into, regardless of your trading strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF HRB STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

Hershey Foods Corp. HSY Stock Analysis

Hershey Foods Corp. stock trades under the ticker HSY & has recently shown bullish behavior that traders & investors should research further into.

HSY stock closed at $210.55/share on 6/8/2022.

Hershey Foods Corp. HSY Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

Hershey Foods Corp. HSY Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

HSY Stock Price: $210.55

10 Day Moving Average: $210.71

50 Day Moving Average: $218.57

200 Day Moving Average: $194.49

RSI: 44.11

MACD: -2.423

Yesterday, HSY stock completed a bullish MACD crossover, settling just below its ten day moving average.

Their recent trading volume has been above average compared to the year prior, which combined with their RSI being oversold may signal more short-term momentum.

They will need to break out above the $213.78 & $214.82 resistance levels.

Hershey Foods Corp. HSY Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like HSY stock’s P/E (ttm) of 26.37, but they will find their P/B (mrq) of 14.47 to be too high.

They recently reported Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y of 16.1%, with 34.8% Quarterly Earnings Growth Y-o-Y.

Their balance sheet will require a closer examination, with $338.1M in Total Cash (mrq) & $5.31B in Total Debt (mrq).

HSY stock pays a 1.66% dividend yield, which appears stable in the long run as their payout ratio is 45.08%.

77.8% of HSY stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

Hershey Foods Corp. HSY Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term focused traders can use options to hedge against broader market volatility, while also profiting from movements in HSY stock’s price.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $205, $207.50 & $210 call options are all in the money, but are relatively illiquid with 126 total contracts of open interest between the three strike prices.

The $212.50 & $215 are more liquid, but out-of-the-money.

The $220, $215 & $212.50 puts are also all in-the-money, but are even less liquid.

Tying It All Together

HSY stock has many interesting characteristics that traders & investors may find appealing.

Investors will like their P/E (ttm) & their dividend yield, as well as the sustainability of their interest payments in the longer-run.

Traders will like their current momentum, but may be disapointed by the liquidity of their options contracts.

All-in-all, it is worth taking a closer look into HSY stock to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF HSY STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***

AbbVie Inc. ABBV Stock Analysis

AbbVie Inc. stock trades under the ticker ABBV & has recently shown bullish behavior that traders & investors should take a closer look into.

ABBV stock closed at $149.25/share on 6/8/2022.

AbbVie Inc. ABBV Stock’s Technical Performance Broken Down

AbbVie Inc. ABBV Stock's Technical Performance Over The Last Year

ABBV Stock Price: $149.25

10 Day Moving Average: $148.48

50 Day Moving Average: $155.19

200 Day Moving Average: $132.53

RSI: 46.2

MACD: -1.744

Yesterday, ABBV stock completed a bullish MACD crossover, settling above its 10 day moving average.

Their recent trading volume has been lackluster compared to the prior year, and their RSI is on the oversold side of neutral.

They will need to break out above the $153.07 & $153.71/share resistance levels as they continue to climb higher.

AbbVie Inc. ABBV Stock As A Long-Term Investment

Long-term oriented investors will like ABBV stock’s P/E (ttm) of 21.67, but will find their 16.4 P/B (mrq) to be too high.

They recently reported 4.1% Quarterly Revenue Growth Y-o-Y, with 26.4% Quarterly Earnings Growth Y-o-Y.

Their balance sheet may require a closer examination before investment, with $7.57B of Total Cash (mrq) & $73.65B of Total Debt (mrq).

ABBV stock pays a 3.63% dividend yield, which may not be sustainable in the long-run, as their payout ratio is 76.2%.

70.89% of ABBV stock’s outstanding share float is owned by institutional investors.

AbbVie Inc. ABBV Stock As A Short-Term Trade Using Options

Short-term focused traders can use options to profit on ABBV stock’s price movements, while hedging against broader market volatility.

I am looking at the contracts with the 6/17 expiration date.

The $145, $148 & $149 call options are all in-the-money & have over 4,172 contracts of open interest between the three strikes.

The $155, $152.50 & $150 puts are also all in-the-money, and are even more liquid than the calls.

Tying It All Together

ABBV stock has many unique characteristics that traders & investors are sure to find appealing.

Investors will like their P/E (ttm) & dividend yield, but may be wise to look further into the sustainability of their dividend payments.

Traders will like their current momentum, along with the liquidity of their options contracts.

Overall, ABBV stock is worth taking a closer look at, to see how it fits into your portfolio strategy.

*** I DO NOT OWN SHARES OF ABBV STOCK AT THE TIME OF PUBLISHING THIS ARTICLE ***